Modular Knitting (or working in bite size chunks and creating a fabric one square at a time)

I have recently reignited my love of modular knitting (also known as domino or mitred knitting), and have quickly remembered how satisfying it is to work in bite size pieces while creating knitted items with wonderful drape courtesy of the resulting bias in the fabric. This post is an accompaniment to a modular scarf workshop that I had the pleasure of teaching last month at the Ashcroft Arts Centre in Fareham and is intended as an aide memoir to those lovely ladies who attended and also as a beginners guide for those who would like to experiment with a different method of knitted garment construction.

The term “modular” refers to any type of knitting where modules are made individually and the next module is created from the previous one by picking up and knitting stitches from it. However, it is most often used to describe the specific method of creating a module by decreasing a cast on number of stitches until only one remains. Various shapes can be created by the placement and number of the decreases, the simplest being the mitred square module in garter stitch.

Garter square module

To create this simple square, an odd number of stitches are cast on. This cast on edge will create two of the edges of the resulting square, with the centre stitch the corner. A stitch marker comes in very handy when working the modules as it can be used to mark the centre stitch. For each right side row, two stitches are decreased either side of and absorbed into this centre stitch using an appropriate decrease. One that I particularly like for this as it has a non directional appearance and an aesthetically pleasing little bump in the centre (hence easy to spot if it accidentally begins to wander off), is the centred double decrease or s2kp.  This is worked by slipping two stitches together knitwise, knitting the next stitch, and then passing the two slipped stitches over. The result is two stitches decreased.  This is continued until only one stitch, the centre stitch, remains and the result is that the initial cast on edge is gradually brought in towards that stitch, thereby creating a square.

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The creation of a mitred square, showing the fabric bending around the centre stitch

Once the square has been completed the next one can be joined to it by picking up and knitting the stitches along the top of the finished square for one side of the new module, and then casting on the remaining stitches to form the second side of the new module. The process is then repeated.

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A diagram showing an example pick up from the top of a square module

The diagram above shows how a second square module with the same bias direction can be created from the top of the first.

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Picking up modules from squares placed as diamonds 

Of course, squares can also be turned on their sides to form diamonds and in this case the centred decrease is now a vertical element. When a module is created in between the two below, the pick up occurs down one side of the first module and up the side of the next, with the centre stitch in the corner where those two modules touch, as shown in the photo above.

While mitred modules in garter stitch create squares, other stitches such as stocking stitch, create a more elongated diamond shape. It is great fun experimenting with these to see what happens and what design possibilities these shapes present.

Scallops

If three or four decreases are placed along the cast on edge, the module begins to curve. This is the modular construction technique I used to create my Sparkle design which was awarded second place in the Rowan international design competition a few years back.

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A scalloped shape modular design

So, as you can see, modular knitting is a versatile method of knitted fabric construction which, due to its bias, can create very flattering garments.

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“Did you tell them why it’s called Weimwood, Mommy?”

For those of you who wish to take your mitred squares to the next level, I have just published a modular shawl pattern called “Weimwood” (so named as it was inspired by and conceived during my daily runs with the Velcro dog around the local woods) which uses mitred squares and triangles in three different 4ply yarns (sock yarn is fabulous for this design) and in different sizes to create an eye catching asymmetrical pattern.  The modules are worked in garter stitch with a simple eyelet pattern along the bottom of each and the shawl is finished off with a classic picot cast off edging.

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Weimwood shawl pattern

The pattern is available in my Etsy shop as a digital download and can be purchased here.

I hope this post has inspired you to have a go at modular knitting. As you might have gathered, I’m a huge fan so I would love to have passed on a little bit of my modular addiction to you.

Until next time, happy knitting.

Knitting Workshops (or back to school with bobbles, cables, lace and fair isle).

Hello lovely people and welcome back to the next instalment of “what I did this Summer” and this one is all about going back to school.  I am delighted that the fabulous folks at the Ashcroft Arts Centre in Fareham (Hampshire) have invited me back to deliver a series of workshops this side of Christmas. Four of these we have called “Knit Ins”.  Booked as standalone or a series of four (one a month), they have been designed for the knitter who is comfortable with the basics but would like to push themselves a little further by working on a small project which I have designed over the past few months specifically for each workshop.  For each session we shall be looking at the skills required by the pattern, learning and practising them where appropriate, and starting on the pattern itself which attendees can then take away with them to finish at their leisure. For those who are coming back to the next session there will be an opportunity for a show and tell and/or a recap of anything they didn’t quite get the hang of first time around during our tea break.

Bobble Hat 24 September 2016

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Nelly and me having a head cuddle in September’s project

The first project we shall be tackling is this “Bobble Hat”.  Knitted in an aran weight yarn on straight needles the skills covered include 2×2 ribbing, making a bobble, decreasing and seaming. For those interested we can also cover knitting in the round.

Cable Tablet Cosy 22 October 2016

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October’s project is an introduction to cables

For the second Knit In we shall be looking at cable construction using double knit weight yarn to create a bag (hopefully big enough to keep an i pad warm!). This session will also cover seaming (for those who didn’t attend September’s workshop) and moss stitch.

Simple Lace Neckwarmer 12 November 2016

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Sas modelling the lace neck warmer project

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Dora making a slightly better job of modelling 

In November we shall be looking at a simple lace neck warmer in an aran weight yarn with skills covered including reading a lace chart, yarn over increases, directional decreases and a three needle cast off.

Fair Isle Purse 3 December 2016

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An introduction to colour work in December’s Knit In 

The last of the Knit Ins is an introduction to two colour stranded colour work with this cute fair isle purse. I chose this one as the December project because of it’s nordic star motif and its potential as a stocking filler (if you can bear to give it away!). This project is knitted in a double knit yarn and my sample is in one of my favourite yarns for fair isle work, Rowan Felted Tweed DK.

If you would like to book on any of these Knit Ins (or would like more information), click on the link I have put on each project’s title and it should take you to the relevant page on the Ashcroft Centre’s website.

I will also be teaching a beginners knitting workshop, also at the Ashcroft Centre, on 8 October for those who would like to give this wonderfully relaxing and creative pursuit a go for the first time. It would also suit folks who have dabbled in the past but need a confidence booster to get back in the saddle.

I am looking forward to sharing my knitting know how and designs again in this relaxed and friendly environment and I do hope some of you can join me.